射线防护服使用与管理的方法
    2018-9-21 15:53:02  文章来源:http://www.jnlzsb.com

    在日常生活中,电器产生的辐射对大多数人不会产生危害和影响,但是对于一些特殊的人群则会产生不良反应,老人、儿童、孕妇和病人对电磁辐射就比较敏感。例如孕妇如果长时间在电脑前工作,就会影响胎儿的健康。
    In daily life, the radiation produced by electrical appliances will not harm and affect most people, but for some special groups of people will have adverse reactions, the elderly, children, pregnant women and patients are more sensitive to electromagnetic radiation. For example, if pregnant women work long hours in front of the computer, they will affect the health of the fetus.
    射线防护服如果使用不当就会引起屏蔽材料的变化,降低屏蔽材料对X射线的吸收能力,破坏X射线防护服的防护性能。所以对x射线防护服一定要有正确的使用和管理方法,下面了解一下x射线防护服的使用和管理方法:
    If the X-ray protective clothing is used improperly, it will cause the change of shielding material, reduce the absorption ability of the shielding material to X-ray, and destroy the protective performance of X-ray protective clothing. So the X-ray protective clothing must have the correct use and management methods, the following understanding of the use and management of X-ray protective clothing methods:
    (1)运输和贮存时切勿重压、日晒、雨淋。严禁与酸、碱、油、有机溶剂等腐蚀及溶解性物质接触。
    (1) do not press, sun or rain during transportation and storage. It is strictly prohibited to contact with corrosive and dissolved substances such as acid, alkali, oil and organic solvents.
    (2)产品应贮存在干燥通风的库房内,贮存温度为0-40℃,离地垫高150mm以上。
    (2) The product should be stored in a dry and ventilated warehouse with a storage temperature of 0-40 C and a height of more than 150 mm above the floor mat.

    射线防护器材
    (3)产品在上述保存条件下,从出厂日期算起,产品的贮存期为一年,在贮存期内产品质量应符合本标准要求。过期存放应重新抽检,合格后方可销售和使用。
    (3) Under the above-mentioned preservation conditions, the storage period of the product is one year from the date of manufacture, and the quality of the product during the storage period shall meet the requirements of this standard. Overdue storage shall be re sampled and sold and used after being qualified.
    (4)可根据不同作业场所X射线强度的差异或按有关标准和规定,选择不同等级铅当量的X射线防护服。
    (4) X-ray protective clothing of different grade lead equivalent can be selected according to the difference of X-ray intensity in different workplaces or relevant standards and regulations.
    (5)使用单位宜定期对X射线防护服进行铅当量检测,对使用年限超过三年的X射线防护服宜增加检测频次,防止X射线防护服因龟裂、开裂、拉伸变薄等原因导致屏蔽能力降低,对人的健康造成危害。
    (5) Users should regularly test the lead equivalent of X-ray protective clothing, and increase the frequency of detection of X-ray protective clothing for more than three years, so as to prevent the shielding ability of X-ray protective clothing from decreasing due to cracking, cracking, stretching thinning and other reasons, thus endangering human health.
    (6)不要将X射线防护服暴露在阳光下或储藏在臭氧发生器附近。
    (6) do not expose the X - ray protective clothing to sunlight or store it near the ozone generator.
    (7)X射线防护服宜用肥皂和热水清洗,并用干布擦拭。
    (7) X ray protective clothing should be washed with soap and hot water and wiped with dry cloth.
    (8)X射线防护服使用后应挂在远离热源处,并避开强光,不得压成死褶和损伤。
    (8) X-ray protective clothing should be hung away from the heat source after use, and avoid strong light, must not be pressed into dead folds and damage.