X射线的防护小知识
    2018-10-6 15:49:33  文章来源:http://www.jnlzsb.com

    X射线防护,是医生比较关心的问题,也是最容易忽略的问题。往往一些仪器当中存在X射线对操作人员的伤害是非常大的。但往往很少人能够真正地用心去了解防护产品的相关知识。那我们今天就为大家说一说一些x射线的防护小知识
    X ray protection is a matter of concern to doctors and the most easily neglected problem. X rays are often harmful to operators in some instruments. But few people can really understand the relevant knowledge of protective products. Now let's talk about some knowledge of X ray protection.
    1、X射线防护服的磨损
    1. Wear of X ray protective clothing.

    射线防护器材
    许多热的观念中,X射线防护服是可以使用很长时间,甚至十几年。但是不管什么东西,只要使用了,都有可能破损,防护服也一样。一方面是防护服的主要材料铅橡胶会老化,导致铅粉脱离;另一方面是由于护养不当及多年磨损,在折叠处、磨损处都可能会造成射线泄露。
    In many hot concepts, X ray protective clothing can be used for a long time or even more than ten years. But whatever it is, it can be damaged if used, and so is protective clothing. On the one hand, lead rubber, the main material of protective clothing, will aging, leading to lead powder detachment; on the other hand, due to improper maintenance and years of wear and tear, in folding, wear and tear may cause radiation leakage.
    2、X射线防护服使用期限
    2, the use period of X - ray protective clothing
    X射线防护服正常使用期限为4~5年,但是也要注意日常的保养。用完后妥善管理,有专门的人员记录,穿戴完毕后要按照要求放置。不管怎么样,针对每款防护服,如果没有检测,单纯定时间是不行的,因为不能保证都是“正常使用”。
    The normal use period of X - ray protective clothing is 4~5 years, but attention should also be paid to routine maintenance. After the use is properly managed, there are special personnel records. After wearing them, they should be placed according to the requirements. In any case, for each type of protective clothing, if there is no testing, simply fixed time is not feasible, because there is no guarantee that they are "normal use".
    3、在欧美国家,防护服从发放到使用者手上开始算起,由指定部门每年进行1到2次检测。而国内,限于国情,对使用中的防护服没有指定部门检测,要求医院或是个人自行检测。
    3. In European and American countries, protective obedience begins to be issued to users and is tested once or twice a year by designated departments. But in China, limited to the national conditions, there is no designated department to test the protective clothing in use, requiring hospitals or individuals to test themselves.
    检测时要先看,就是看看没有哪里破损,如有裂口、空洞、折痕等等。然后摸,摸防护服有没有哪里有突起、裂隙或是内层分离等情况。最后照,如果发现有异常或是有疑问,可以在射线下透视查看。防护区域深色,而破损、接缝等处能看到透亮。
    The first thing to do is to see if there is no breakage, such as cracks, holes, creases and so on. Then touch and touch whether there are any protrusion, fissures or internal separation in protective clothing. Finally, if you find any abnormalities or doubts, you can see through the X-ray perspective. The protection area is dark, and damaged and seams can be seen bright.