浅析活性炭过滤器的工作原理
    2018-10-8 11:32:38  文章来源:http://www.jnlzsb.com

    活性炭的吸附原理是:在其颗粒表面形成一层平衡的表面浓度。活性炭颗粒的大小对吸附能力也有影响。一般来说,活性炭颗粒越小,过滤面积就越大。所以,粉末状的活性炭总面积较大,吸附效果较佳,但粉末状的活性炭很容易随水流入水箱中,难以控制,很少采用。颗粒状的活性炭因颗粒成形不易流动,水中有机物等杂质在活性炭过滤层中也不易阻塞,其吸附能力强,携带更换方便。
    The adsorption principle of activated carbon is to form a balanced surface concentration on the surface of activated carbon. The size of activated carbon particles also has an effect on the adsorption capacity. Generally speaking, the smaller the activated carbon particles, the larger the filtration area. Therefore, the total area of powdered activated carbon is large, the adsorption effect is better, but powdered activated carbon is easy to flow into the water tank with water, difficult to control, rarely used. The granular activated carbon is difficult to flow because of the granular forming, and the impurities such as organic matter in the water are not easy to block in the activated carbon filter layer. The granular activated carbon has strong adsorption capacity and is easy to carry and replace.
    活性炭的吸附能力和与水接触的时间成正比,接触时间越长,过滤后的水质越佳。注意:过滤的水应缓慢地流出过滤层。新的活性炭在一次使用前应洗涤洁净,否则有墨黑色水流出。活性炭在装入过滤器前,应在底部和顶部加铺2~3厘米厚的海绵,作用是阻止藻类等大颗粒杂质渗透进去,活性炭使用2~3个月后,如果过滤效果下降就应调换新的活性炭,海绵层也要定期更换。
    The adsorption capacity of activated carbon is proportional to the contact time of water. The longer the contact time, the better the filtered water quality. Note: the filtered water should flow out of the filter layer slowly. The new activated carbon should be washed clean before being used, otherwise there will be ink and black water flowing out. Activated carbon in the filter before loading, should be at the bottom and top of 2-3 cm thick sponge, the role is to prevent algae and other large particles of impurities penetration, activated carbon after 2-3 months of use, if the filtration effect should be replaced by new activated carbon, sponge layer should be replaced regularly.
    活性炭过滤器压力容器是一种内装填粗石英砂垫层及优质活性炭的压力容器。
    Activated carbon filter pressure vessel is a kind of pressure vessel filled with coarse quartz sand cushion and high quality activated carbon.
    在活性炭颗粒表面形成一层平衡的表面浓度,再把有机物质杂质吸附到活性炭颗粒内,使用初期的吸附效果很高。但时间一长,活性炭的吸附能力会不同程度地减弱,吸附效果也随之下降。如果水族箱中水质混浊,水中有机物含量高,活性炭很快就会丧失过滤功能。所以,活性炭应定期清洗或更换。
    A balanced surface concentration is formed on the surface of activated carbon particles, and then the organic impurities are absorbed into the activated carbon particles. The adsorption effect is very high at the initial stage of use. But for a long time, the adsorption capacity of activated carbon will weaken in varying degrees, and the adsorption effect will also decrease. If the water in the aquarium is turbid and the organic content in the water is high, the activated carbon will soon lose its filtering function. Therefore, activated carbon should be regularly cleaned or replaced.山东多介质过滤器


    活性炭是一种很细小的炭粒 有很大的表面积,而且炭粒中还有更细小的孔--毛细管。这种毛细管具有很强的吸附能力,由于炭粒的表面积很大,所以能与气体(杂质)充分接触。当这些气体(杂质)碰到毛细管被吸附,起净化作用。活性炭的表面积研究是非常重要的,活性炭的比表面积检测数据只有采用BET方法检测出来的结果才是真实可靠的,国内有很多仪器只能做直接对比法的检测。国内外比表面积测试统一采用多点BET法,国内外制定出来的比表面积测定标准都是以BET测试方法为基础的,请参看我国国家标准(GB/T 19587-2004)-气体吸附BET原理测定固态物质比表面积的方法。比表面积检测其实是比较耗费时间的工作,由于样品吸附能力的不同,有些样品的测试可能需要耗费一整天的时间,如果测试过程没有实现完全自动化,那测试人员就时刻都不能离开,并且要高度集中,观察仪表盘,操控旋钮,稍不留神就会导致测试过程的失败,这会浪费测试人员很多的宝贵时间。F-Sorb 2400比表面积测试仪是真正能够实现BET法检测功能的仪器(兼备直接对比法),更重要的F-Sorb 2400比表面积测试仪是迄今为止国内的完全自动化智能化的比表面积检测设备,其测试结果与国际一致性很高,稳定性也很好,同时减少人为误差,提高测试结果精确性。
    Activated carbon is a kind of very small carbon particles with a large surface area, and there are more small pores in the carbon particles - capillaries. This capillary has a strong adsorption capacity, because the surface area of carbon particles is very large, so it can be fully in contact with gases (impurities). When these gases (impurities) touch the capillary, they are adsorbed and purified. The surface area of activated carbon is very important, the specific surface area of activated carbon detection data only by BET method is true and reliable, there are many domestic instruments can only do direct comparison method of detection. The multi-point BET method is adopted in the specific surface area measurement both at home and abroad. The standard of specific surface area measurement is based on the BET method. Please refer to the national standard (GB/T 19587-2004) - the method of measuring the specific surface area of solid materials by the principle of gas adsorption BET. Specific surface area testing is actually a time-consuming task. Because of the different adsorption capacity of some samples, it may take a whole day to test some samples. If the testing process is not fully automated, then the tester can not leave at all times, and must be highly concentrated, observe the dashboard, control the knob. A little careless will lead to the failure of the testing process, which will waste a lot of valuable time for the tester. F-Sorb 2400 specific surface area tester is a real BET testing instrument (with direct comparison method). More important, F-Sorb 2400 specific surface area tester is a fully automatic and intelligent specific surface area testing equipment in China up to now. Its testing results are highly consistent with international standards and have good stability. Reduce human error and improve the accuracy of test results.
    活性炭过滤器是我们吸取了广大用户的建议后设计制造出来的,它改变了原来的进水和排污方向,使得净水效果更好,更受广大用户欢迎。 本产品是生活饮用水及食品用水等水处理的必要一道设备。浊度<5毫米/升的清水通过该设备处理后,能得到清澈透明,干醇可口,无毒,无菌,无异味,可直接生饮的净水。净化水符合国家饮用水水质标准。
    Activated carbon filter is designed and manufactured after we have absorbed the suggestions of the vast number of users. It has changed the original direction of water intake and sewage discharge, making the water purification effect better and more popular with the vast number of users. This product is a necessary equipment for drinking water and food water treatment. Clean water with turbidity less than 5 mm/L can be treated by this equipment to obtain clear, transparent, dry alcohol, tasty, non-toxic, sterile, odorless, and can be directly drinkable water purification. The purified water conforms to the national drinking water quality standard.
    该设备能去除清水中的异色,异味和汞,铅,镉,锌,铁,锰,铬等重金属物质,还可去除清水中的砷,氢化物,硫化物,余氯等高分子化合物及锶,镭等放射性物质,去除和杀死水中的细菌和大肠杆菌以及其它致癌物质。是生活饮水,食品,饮料,制药,化学等工业净化水的理想给水设备。活性炭过滤器结构简单,操作维修方便。适用与水质要求较高的食品,饮料,化工等企事业单位,还应用于饭店,宾馆,部队,车站,码头。作为工业用水和生活用水的给水设备。
    The equipment can remove heterochromatic, odor and mercury, lead, cadmium, zinc, iron, manganese, chromium and other heavy metal substances in clean water. It can also remove arsenic, hydride, sulfide, residual chlorine and other macromolecule compounds, strontium, radium and other radioactive substances, remove and kill bacteria and E. coli in water and other carcinogenic substances. It is an ideal water supply equipment for industrial drinking water, food, beverage, pharmaceutical, chemical and other industrial purified water. The activated carbon filter has simple structure and convenient operation and maintenance. It is suitable for food, beverage, chemical industry and other enterprises and institutions with higher water quality requirements. It is also used in hotels, hotels, troops, stations and wharfs. Water supply equipment as industrial water and domestic water.
    上文关于活性炭过滤器的工作原理的介绍是由山东多介质过滤器厂家整理编辑,想哟撒了解更多的内容,可以关注我们的网站:http://www.jnlzsb.com,我们会不断的在网站中更新相关知识!!
    The above introduction about the working principle of activated carbon filters is compiled by Shandong multi-media filter manufacturers, want to know more about the content, you can pay attention to our website: http://www.jnlzsb.com, we will constantly update the relevant knowledge in the website!!