射线防护工程的类型有哪些?
    2018-10-25 11:22:27  文章来源:http://www.jnlzsb.com

    人们生活水平的不断提高,现代人的生活与工作环境中,时常会有电磁辐射产生。所以我们就要在一定程度上进行防护。在某种意义上来说,辐射防护就是射线防护,其是原子能科学技术的一个重要分支,而我们进行射线防护的基本目标就是使人类免受或少受辐射危害,从而保护从事放射性工作的人员、公众及其后代的健康与安全,保护环境,促进原子能事业的发展。当然在射线防护工程中铅衣和铅房的使用是必不可少的,那么在防护工程中射线防护的类型分为哪些呢?
    With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, electromagnetic radiation is often produced in the living and working environment of modern people. So we have to protect it to a certain extent. In a sense, radiation protection is radiation protection, which is an important branch of Atomic Energy Science and technology. The basic objective of radiation protection is to protect human beings from or from radiation hazards, thereby protecting the health and safety of the people engaged in radiation work, the public and their descendants, and protecting the environment. To promote the development of atomic energy. Of course, the use of lead coat and lead room in the radiation protection project is essential, so what types of radiation protection in the protection project are divided into?
    据了解,现在射线防护工程的类型分为很多种,如果按照辐射产生原因分类的话,可以把辐射分为天然辐射、电器辐射、医疗辐射、建筑材料辐射和核辐射。在这里面天然辐射是指阳光照射,适当的阳光照射有利于健康,但如果长时间的在强烈的阳光下曝晒就会危害人体健康。
    It is understood that the types of radiation protection projects are divided into many, if classified according to the causes of radiation, radiation can be divided into natural radiation, electrical radiation, medical radiation, building materials radiation and nuclear radiation. In this case, natural radiation refers to sunlight, appropriate sunlight exposure is conducive to health, but if exposed to strong sunlight for a long time will endanger human health.

    射线防护器材
    电器辐射一般是指生活中的各种电器设备,即:家用电器、电信产品以及工业设备产生的电磁辐射。这种辐射虽然符合安全标准,但每个人接触家用电器、电信产品的时间和频度差别很大,如果长期积累辐射能量达到一定限度,辐射症状就会在不知不觉中产生,导致突发各种疾病。
    Electrical radiation generally refers to the life of a variety of electrical equipment, namely: household appliances, telecommunications products and industrial equipment generated by electromagnetic radiation. Although the radiation meets the safety standards, the time and frequency of each person's exposure to household appliances and telecommunications products vary greatly. If the long-term accumulation of radiation energy reaches a certain limit, radiation symptoms will occur unconsciously, leading to sudden onset of various diseases.
    医疗辐射是指X光透视、CT、核磁共振、钴60放疗设备等医疗设备在工作时都能发出高强度的辐射,在使用这些设备时,一定要做好防护。这些设备产生的辐射对患者的伤害尤其是对医护人员造成的积累伤害是非常巨大的的。钴60放疗会严重损害人体的组织细胞,造成白血球、血小板减少、引发白血病、眼底病变、生殖系统疾病、早衰等,严重影响人类健康。建筑材料辐射是指各种墙体和装饰材料中异常的放射性元素所产生的辐射。
    Medical radiation refers to X-ray fluoroscopy, CT, magnetic resonance, cobalt 60 radiation equipment and other medical equipment in the work can emit high-intensity radiation, when using these equipment, must do a good job of protection. The radiation produced by these devices is very harmful to patients, especially to medical staff. Cobalt 60 irradiation can seriously damage human tissue cells, resulting in leukocyte, thrombocytopenia, leukemia, fundus disease, reproductive system diseases, premature senility, etc., seriously affecting human health. The radiation of building materials refers to the radiation produced by unusual radioactive elements in various walls and decorative materials.
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    The above content is compiled and edited by radiation protection equipment. To learn more, we can pay close attention to our website: http://www.jnlzsb.com. There are more exciting content in the website. Hope to help you!